Born: 22 June 1878, Norwood, South Australia
Died: 11 August 1971
Sir John Cleland, Professor of Pathology at the University of Adelaide from 1920 to 1948, made important contributions to the study of Australian Aboriginal anthropology. He was the Chairman of the Board for Anthropological Research (BAR) from 1930 to 1965, and participated in many of the BAR expeditions to Central Australia in the 1930's. He was Chairman of the South Australian Aborigines Protection Board from 1940 to 1962 and published many papers on Australian Aboriginal culture and health and Aboriginal utilisation of the native flora and fauna. Cleland's collection in the South Australian Museum Archives comprises of papers and photographs relating to the Aboriginal people of South Australia.