Born: 8 September 1848, Strathalbyn, South Australia
Died: 20 March 1919, Mount Lofty, South Australia
Stirling had a long association with the South Australian Museum dating from 1881. He was appointed Honorary Director between 1889 to 1895 and then again between 1913 and 1914; appointed Director between 1895 and 1913; and appointed Curator of Ethnology between 1914 and 1919. During this time he crossed the continent from Darwin to Adelaide with the Earl of Kintore in 1891. In 1893, Stirling travelled to Lake Callabonna to excavate a diprotodon. In 1894, Stirling was a medical officer on the Horn expedition and published the anthropological section of the expedition's discoveries. He was also responsible for the excellent collection of Australian Aboriginal artefacts.
The South Australian Museum Archives contains correspondence, photographs, and journals. Parts of the collection have not yet been processed.