Location: Lake Macquarie, south of Newcastle, N.S.W. (not Port Macquarie). The Awabakal are the central one of a series of tribes to which the arbitrary term Kuringgai has been applied by Fraser.
Co-ordinates: 151°30'E x 33°5'S
Area: 700 sq. m. (1,800 sq. km.)
References: Threlkeld, 1834, 1892; Mueller, 1882; Fraser, 1892; Fraser in Threlkeld, 1892; Mathews, 1897 (Gr. 6477); Larmer, 1899; Enright, 1901; Howitt, 1904; Wurm, 1963.
Alternative Names: Awaba (place name of Lake Macquarie), Awabagal, 'Lake Macquarie, Newcastle' tribe, Kuringgai (see above), Minyowa (horde at Newcastle), Minyowie, Kuri (general term meaning 'man' in several tribes north of and around Sydney.