Location: Coast between Green Cape, N.S.W., and Cape Everard (Point Hicks); inland to Delegate, N.S.W., and on headwaters of Cann and Bern rivers, chiefly in rain forest and wet sclerophyll country inhospitable to others. Two fullblood men survived in 1964 with mixed descendants living in 1970 at Nowa Nowa. Mathews placed the western boundary at Cape Conran but this area belonged to the Krauatungalung.
Co-ordinates: 149°20'E x 37°20'S
Area: 2,700 sq. m. (7,000 sq. km.)
References: Parker, 1843; Smyth, 1878; Fison and Howitt, 1880; Howitt, 1884, 1904; Bulmer in Curr, 1887; Curr, 1887; Mathews, 1898 (Gr. 6468), 1907 (Gr. 6483), 1908 (Gr. 6474, 6570), 1909 (Gr. 6474), 1916-1918 (Gr. 6472); Tindale, 1940, 1964 MS, 1970 MS.
Alternative Names: Birdhawal, Birtowall, Bidwell, Bidwill, Bidwelli, Biduelli, Beddiwell, Maap (['ma:p] = man), Muk-dhang (language name where ['mak] = good and ['ðan] = speech), Kwai-dhang (language name given by Krauatungalung means 'rough speech').