Location: Northern shores of Port Jackson (Collins). Extended north to the edge of the plateau overlooking the Hawkesbury River and south to Botany Bay and the St. George River (see special note in text regarding Eora hordes). This tribe was closely linked with the Tharawal of which their language was only a dialect. The southern hordes at Botany Bay used some words very different from those spoken at Port Jackson.
Co-ordinates: 151°5'E x 33°50'S
Area: 700 sq. m. (1,800 sq. km.)
References: Hunter, 1793; Collins, 1798-1802; Barrington, 1802; Dumont d'Urville, 1832-1833; Huntingdon, 1873; Malone in Ridley, 1878; Suttor, 1897; Thornton, 1899; Howitt, 1904; Anonymous, 1908; Giglioli, 1911; Walton, 1931; McCarthy, 1946, pers. comm., 1958; Tindale and Lindsay, 1963.
Alternative Names: Eo-ra (['eora] = men or people), Ea-ora, Iora, Yo-ra, Kameraigal (fide McCarthy, 1946, and pers. comm. 1958, is a hordal name; he preferred-Eora as the term for the tribe), Kem:arai (name of the northern portion of Port Jackson), Kemmaraigal, Camera-gal, Cammera, Camerray-gal, Cammeray, Kemmirai-gal, Gweagal (name of horde on southern side of Botany Bay), Bedia-mangora, Gouia-gul, Gouia, Botany Bay tribe (horde), Wanuwangul (horde near Long Nose Point, Balmain, and Parramatta), Kadigal (horde on south side of Port Jackson), Caddiegal.