Location: Melville and Bathurst islands. The name Tiwi was coined for the convenience of anthropologists and others, it means 'We, the only people'; the late Father E. A. Worms gave me Tunuvivi as the ancient and proper name and Wilson, an old white inhabitant, supplied Wongak ['Wonga:k] as the name given them by the Iwaidja. Capell (1956:29) incorrectly called them 'one of the tribes with no name.' A. Pilling has unpublished data for these people.
Co-ordinates: 130°50'E x 11°30'S
Area: 3,100 sq. m. (7,100 sq. km.)
References: Basedow, 1913; Spencer, 1914, 1928; Vatter, 1925; Wilson, 1928 MS; Hart, 1930; Harasser, 1936; Frazer, 1939; Tindale, 1940; Capell, 1940, 1942, 1956; Robinson, 1956; Mountford, 1958; Berndt, 1960; Hart and Pilling, 1960; Goodale, 1962, 1971; Berndt and Berndt, 1964; Lauer, 1967; Worms, pers. comm.
Alternative Names: Tiwi (assigned name), Diwi (Capell conformists variant), Wonga:k (Iwaidja term), Wongak, Wunuk, Nimara, Woranguwe.