Gunwinggu (NT)

LocationAn inland tribe south of Jungle Creek and on the headwaters of the East Alligator River. They do not practice circumcision. Inland horde or hordes north of Oenpelli are called Mangaridji, and it is likely that the Unigangk listed by Capell (1942) is a name for those who live on the upper waters of the East Alligator River. The Mangaridji at Oenpelli (n.n. Awunbelenja) were traditionally the occupiers of local rock-shelters and are said to have become extinct before 1951. It is claimed they were in fact responsible for the work in the Oenpelli painted caves. According to Capell, the Mangeri were the Geimbio of Spencer but the latter name seems to be a variant of Gambalang (which see). Capell records a few words of Mangaridji vocabulary.
Co-ordinates133°35'E x 12°20'S
Area2,800 sq. m. (7,300 sq. km.)
ReferencesMathews, 1900 (Gr. 6491); Spencer, 1914, 1928; Warner, 1937; Sweeney, 1939; Capell, 1940, 1942, 1956, 1965; Tindale, 1940; C. Berndt, 1951, 1965; Berndt and Berndt, 1951, 1964; Elkin, Berndt and Berndt, 1951; Sweeney in Berndt, 1951; Elkin, 1961; Lockwood, 1962; Oates, 1964; R. Berndt, 1965; Hamilton, 1970 pers. comm.; Harris, n.d.
Alternative NamesGunwingu, Gunwingo, Wengi, Wengei, Wengej, Gundeidjeme, Gundjeipmi (horde on upper Liverpool River), Kulunglutji, Kulunglutchi, Gundjeibmi, Gundjajeimi, Gundeijeme, Gundeidjeme, Margulitban (a group within the tribe), Unigangk, Urnigangg, Koorungo, Neinggu (of Maung tribe), Neinngu, Mangaridji, Mangeri.