Balardong (WA)

LocationYork district and east to the vicinity of Tammin, Kununoppin, Waddouring Hill, and Bencubbin. North along the Avon River; at Toodyay, Goomalling, Wongan Hills, and northward to Kalannie where there is a native mine for white stone used for knives and multibarbed spears. South to Pingelly and Wickepin. Western boundary the Darling scarp. Coastal people called them Boijangura, 'Hill people.' As 'Booyungur' this has been given an interpretation of 'outsiders' or 'strangers' suggesting contacts originally were poor.

Balardong is the native place name for York; seemingly no more valid term has been obtained for the tribe although the name ['Tap:anmai] (used at Goomalling) is in the style of the name of the tribe farther east and W. H. Douglas (A.I.A.S. Doc. 65-226) mentions a dialect called 'Tjapanmaya' in the vicinity of Nukarni out from Merredin.

Co-ordinates117°05'E x 31°45'S
Area10,500 sq. m. (27,300 sq. km.)
ReferencesNind, 1834; Hackett in Curr, 1886; Gilchrist in Curr, 1886; Bates, 1906, 1915; Giglioli, 1911; W. J. Rae, 1913 MS (PLWA no. PR 342); Spencer, 1914; Hope, 1916 MS; Tindale, 1940, 1966 MS; Douglas, 1966 per. comm.
Alternative NamesBallardong, Balladong, Ballardon, Ballerdokking, Waljuk, Warrangul ('kangaroo country,' applied also to the Koreng), Warrangle, Warranger, Toode-nunjer (['Tu:de-njunga] = men of Toodyay a term applied by coastal people), Boijangura (hill people), Boyangoora, Booyungur, Maiawongi (name applied to language), Mudila, Mudilja, Mudi:a (terms applied by Kalamaia to this and the adjoining southwestern tribespeople who do not practice circumcision), Minang (name applied to this and other southwestern languages by Kalamaia, basic meaning is 'south').