Wenambal (WA)

LocationUpper Forrest and Patrick rivers; north to Mount Casuarina and Seppelt Range; west to headwaters of the Berkeley River in a range called Manungu by aborigines. They live chiefly on the plateau and higher ranges of the headwaters of the Berkeley River, n.n. ['Djuri] the real course of which is said to be very different from that shown on some present-day maps; west to about 127°20'E and south to Forrest River headwaters and the Milligan Range but not extending east to Forrest River Mission. There are sixteen or more hordes that together are referred to also as the Balangara. Gwini, a general term, also heard as Kuini and Guji:ni has a known meaning 'east.' It is applied to this and other eastern tribes by the people of the west. The term has caused some confusion in the past.
Co-ordinates127°35'E x 14°50'S
Area2,500 sq. m. (6,500 sq. km.)
ReferencesTindale, 1930, 1953 MS; Elkin, 1933; Kaberry, 1935, 1937; Capell, 1940; Hernandez, 1941; Birdsell, 1954 MS; Coaldrake, 1954 MS.
Alternative NamesWenambal (language term applied north and west of Forrest River Mission but excluding the Miwa), Wanumbaal, Wembria, Wemrade, Namula (horde upstream from Mission), Kulunggulu (a northern horde name), Bugai (a southern horde name), Jura (eastern horde name but may belong to Jeidji tribe), Marokorei (western horde name), Mirray-gona, Bemba (means north, hence Bembara), Jangala (a northeastern horde), Guragona (southeastern horde name but may belong to Jeidji), Guragoona, Waringnari [sic] (derogatory name reminding of the Waringari = cannibal term farther inland to the south), Kular (means 'northwest'; name applied by coastal people of Cambridge Gulf), Kulari, Mulngane (Berkeley River; perhaps a horde, applied also at Kalumburu to people who come from the northwest), Mulgane.