Wenamba (WA)

LocationNorth of Lakes Neale and Hopkins, ranging north to Lake Macdonald and Garden Hills; west to Kurultu ('Kurultja) identified as probably near the Baron Range. In this area mapped positions of such features as Baron Range may vary by as much as 30 miles (50 km.). On a 1960 map it is shown at 127°12'E. The people are also called Wenamba Pintubi and are closely related to the Pintubi, but their territories are separate and they may be considered to have the status of separate tribes. Their dialects are considered different by native informants. The Pitjandjara call them ['A:wuntara] because they were supposed to answer all conversation with them with the word ['a:wu] meaning 'yes.' They consider them related. Some men of the tribe traveled to Yuendumu Government Station in 1950, went to Haast Bluff and then returned to their country. They were still nomadic in 1963.
Co-ordinates128°50'E x 23°50'S
Area10,000 sq. m. (26,000 sq. km.)
ReferencesTindale, 1932 MS, 1933 MS, 1951 MS, 1953, 1964 MS; Birdsell, 1953 MS; Tindale and Lindsay, 1963.
Alternative NamesWenanba, Wankawinan (a Pitjandjara name for them), Kalgonei (Ngadadjara name for their dialect; as Kalgonei and Kalgoneidjara it is a general term with the general sense of 'drifters' or 'refugees' applied to at least five tribal groupings), Wanudjara (name given them by Ngadadjara; also used by them for Pitjandjara), Pintularapi (rude description used by Ngadadjara for Wenamba and Pintubi in general), Mangawara (i.e., 'hair bun wearers' from their custom of carrying their tresses tied up in a chignon-a name given them by the Pitjandjara), Kalguni, ? Widanda (Birdsell believed he heard the name as 'Widanda' at Cunderlee given for the tribal affiliation of the mother of the person measured as R76), Tjurti (name given them by Pintubi; see discussion in chap. 10).
Inventory Listings