Kariara (WA)

LocationOn the Peeawah, Yule, and Turner rivers and east to Port Hedland. Their western boundary, on divide between Peeawah and Ballaballa creeks extended south to foot of the scarp of the Hamersley tableland in the headwaters of the Yule River; at Mungaroon Range, Turner River area north of Wodgina, at Yandeyarra, and east to a line joining McPhee Hill, Tabba Tabba Homestead, and the mouth of Petermarer Creek 10 miles (16 km.) east of Port Hedland. The area east of Turner River was seldom visited for fear of the Njamal. The Indjibandi are claimed as being inland Kariara, who became separated by reason of their accept ance of the rite of circumcision. Kariara and Indjibandi were at enmity over this in immediately pre-European times. The rock carvings along the shore platforms at Port Hedland and southward were Kariara and continued to be made until modern times. After consultation with Kariara men the best pronunciation of the tribal name is as now given. Barlee (p. 291) transposed the relative positions of this tribe and the Widagari hordes of the Njamal with respect to the Ngarla tribe. Color plate 30 is relevant.
Co-ordinates118°25'E x 20°55'S
Area4,500 sq. m. (11,700 sq. km.)
ReferencesBarlee in Curr, 1886; 'Yabaroo,' 1899; Withnell, 1901, 1903; Clement, 1903; Brown, 1912, 1913, 1914; Bates, 1914; Radcliffe-Brown, 1930; Tindale, 1953 MS, 1966 MS; Australian Encyclopedia, 1958; Berndt, 1959; Brandenstein, 1966 MS.
Alternative NamesKariera, Karriara, Karriarra, Kyreara, Kaierra, Gariera, Minjiburu:, Minjubururu, Minjirbururu (Kariara name for an ancestral people of Port Hedland who came from the south), Kudjunguru ('coast dwellers,' applied to both the Ngarla and the Kariara by the Njamal), Paljarri.
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