Annotated source materials

This item contains the following materials:

  1. Vocabulary of Encounter Bay (SA)
    This is a bound volume containing a photocopied version of Heinrich August Eduard Meyer's 'Vocabulary of the language spoken by the Aborigines of the southern and eastern portions of the settled districts of South Australia, viz., by the tribes of the vicinity of Encounter Bay, and (with slight variations) by those extending along the coast to the eastward around Lake Alexandrina and for some distance up the River Murray: preceded by a Grammar showing the construction of the language as far as at present known', 1843. Meyer, a Lutheran missionary, was based at Encounter Bay in the 1840s. Apart from the Meyer material (111pp. ), there are also bibliographical notes on Meyer and correspondence relating to Arthur Fydell Lindsay, a surveyor who apparently assisted Meyer with the English language. Tindale's handwritten annotations are in ball-point pen and pencil. Note that Tindale transcribed words from this source to his 'Ra:mindjeri' index card files (see AA 338/7/2/21; AA 338/7/1/17).

  2. Peake Station (SA) vocabulary
    7pp. foolscap wordlists, handwritten in black and red ink, with annotations in red ink and pencil; 2pp. letter; approx. 200 paper slips. This is an Arabana vocabulary based upon a wordlist produced in 1895 by EC Kempe, the manager of Peake Station, to the west of Lake Eyre. It is possible that Kempe provided the wordlist to Edward Charles Stirling (see AA 309) at the South Australian Museum: Kempe and Stirling corresponded in the 1890s, with Kempe providing objects of material culture to the museum in 1895. A 2pp. letter to Stirling (dated 20 July 1895), filed with the vocabulary, touches upon these matters. Kempe's original wordlist is entitled 'Peake Station', and is dated 19 August 1895. It is 3pp with Kempe's entries in black ink, annotations by an unidentified hand in red ink, and Tindale's annotations in pencil. The unidentified hand added a 4pp. wordlist entitled 'Peake Blacks, additional words, & c.', handwritten in red ink. The two sections of the vocabulary contain approximately 200 words. The date at which Tindale received the annotated vocabulary is unclear, although it is likely to have been during the late 1920s, as he transcribed the vocabulary onto paper slips c.1928.

  3. Notes on grammar and vocabulary of the Wi:rtjapakandja Tribe (SA)
    This is a 31pp. foolscap typescript by James Robert Beattie Love, entitled: 'Notes on Grammar and Vocabulary of the Wi:rtjapakandja Tribe of the Musgrave Ranges, South Australia' (unpublished). It contains: an introduction and grammatical notes (8pp. ); a general vocabulary (23pp. ); and handwritten annotations by Love in ink and by Tindale in ink and pencil. James Robert Beattie Love was a missionary and linguist who travelled to the Musgrave Ranges in 1937, where he gathered the material contained in this document. This copy was provided to Tindale in 1938. Note that Tindale lists this material under 'Jangkundjara' in his catalogue of tribes (in Aboriginal Tribes of Australia, 1974). Filed with this original document is a photocopied version, produced by the museum archive, for access and photocopying;

  4. Bunganditj vocabulary (SA)
    This is a bound notebook, 135 pp. , entitled: 'Vocabulary of the Buandik Language, S.E. of South Australia by Duncan Stewart with notes, comparisons and comments by N.B. Tindale. Also copy of a journal written by Duncan Stewart in 1853'. In the introduction Tindale writes: 'this vocabulary has been abstracted from a manuscript in the possession of Mr D.H. Schulz of Rendelsham, S.A. It was compiled by Duncan Stewart and published with variations in Mrs Smith's book on the "Booandik tribe"'. Duncan Stewart (1834-1913) was the son of Christina Smith who, under the name Mrs James Smith, published Booandik tribe of South Australian aborigines, in 1880.The vocabulary is structured with three columns on right hand pages and notes and additions, often of a comparative nature, on facing pages. The three columns are entitled: 'the Duncan Stewart version'; 'English: adapted in part'; and 'NB Tindale's version in Adelaide Univ[ersity phonetic] system'. The volume also includes: short texts; a letter to M Moorhouse, 1853; lists of Aboriginal people; and extracts from Stewart's journal covering the period March 1853-March 1854. Note that this volume appears to have been produced by Tindale in 1965. See also Duncan Stewart, AA 309;

  5. Bunganditj notes
    This is a 9pp. foolscap typescript with handwritten annotations (plus 3 copies), entitled: 'Ms containing several drafts of a description of the Booandik natives. Original in possession descendants of Mrs Smith'. An additional note states: 'see letter 30 Apr. 1954 from Mr Finlay Stewart' (this letter is located at AA 298 'SA Museum Anthropology Correspondence, May 1953-June 1954'). Tindale had previously written to Stewart requesting access to materials in his possession as part of Tindale's task of 'bringing together all information available about the Aborigines of South Australia' (Letter to Finlay Stewart, 22 April 1954). The manuscript contains vocabulary, ethnological and brief grammatical notes. See also Duncan Stewart, AA 309;

  6. 'Specimens of the Language spoken by the Aborigines of Moreton Bay'
    This is a 3pp. photocopy, with Tindale's handwritten annotations, from JD Lang's Queensland. Australia, 1861, pp. 433-435. Note that Tindale assigns this source under the 'Jagara' tribal heading in his catalogue of tribes (in Aboriginal Tribes of Australia, 1974);

  7. 'Grammar, Vocabulary, and Notes of the Wangerriburra Tribe'
    This includes 13pp. , plus 4 leaves of plates (a map and 3pp. of photographs). This is a paper apparently written by John Lane, and published in the Annual Report of the Chief Protector of Aboriginals, Queensland, 1913. Tindale's annotations suggest that he considered this material to relate to the Kalibal tribe (NSW & Qld);

  8. Vocabularies extracted from the Australasian Anthropological Journal, 1896-97
    This is a 15pp. booklet containing photocopies of vocabularies of New South Wales and Queensland languages, many of which are listed in parallel. There are also a number of handwritten pages transcribing 'illegible' data from the photocopied pages. The vocabularies were originally published in the Australasian Anthropological Journal, Vol.1 parts 1-6;

  9. 'Aborigines' Word and Meanings'
    This includes 3pp. photocopied from J Larmer's parallel vocabulary of New South Wales languages, published as 'Aborigines' Words and Meanings', in Science of Man, 2(8), pp. 146-148. Tindale's annotations relate to assigning the wordlists, which are listed according to geographical location, to a tribal category as found in his catalogue of tribes (in Aboriginal Tribes of Australia, 1974);

  10. 'Note on the Languages of the Wellesley Islands'
    This is a 4pp. typescript appendix to Arthur Capell's 'Languages of Arnhem Land', Oceania,1942, 13(1), pp. 24-50. Tindale's annotations provide contextual details relating to the recording of the data presented in Arthur Capell's appendix;

  11. 'Aboriginal languages of the Gascoyne-Ashburton Region'
    This is a bound typescript, 35pp. , by Peter Austin, entitled: 'Aboriginal languages of the Gascoyne-Ashburton Region [WA]'. Produced by Austin in 1987, it also includes Tindale's handwritten annotations and notes on yellow adhesive slips. Austin offers a 'description of the language situation in the region between the Gascoyne and Ashburton Rivers in the north-west of Western Australia' (p. 1), as well as a historical background and an annotated bibliography of relevant literature and manuscript sources;

  12. A. J. Bussell notebooks
    This includes bound photocopies, 89pp. , entitled: 'A.J. Bussell Notebooks'. These papers relate to the 'South-West Aboriginal Language or dialect', Western Australia. Copied from the original papers held at the Public Library of Western Australia, they include ethnographic notes, grammatical notes, phrases with English translations, vocabulary lists, and notes on place names. Note that Alfred James Bussell's 'South-west Aboriginal' is listed by Tindale under the 'Pibelmen' and 'Wardandi' categories in his catalogue of tribes (in Aboriginal Tribes of Australia, 1974); and

  13. Copy of Arthur Capell's A New Approach to Australian Linguistics, 1956
    The full title of this 103pp. monograph is A New Approach to Australian Linguistics (Handbook of Australian Languages, Part 1), 1956. It contains handwritten annotations by Tindale.

Tindale Tribes: Ramindjeri; Arabana; Jangkundjara; Bunganditj; Jagara; Kalibal; Pibelmen; Wardandi.

CreatorDr Norman Barnett Tindale
ControlAA 338/9/1
Date Range1930  -  1988
Quantity 17.4cm,   1   type 1.1 box containing 4 bound volumes, 8 archival folders
Series AA338/09