Tanganekald (SA)

LocationNarrow coastal strip along Coorong from Middleton south to Twelve Mile Point (north of Kingston); inland only to about inner margin of first inland swamp and dune terrace, the Woakwine or 25 foot (7.5 m.) terrace, usually no more than 5 to 10 miles (8 to 16 km.); on islands in Lake Alexandrina, except eastern and western extremities of Hindmarsh Island; around Meningie at south and of Lake Albert, at Salt Creek and Taratap (Ten Mile Point); there were twenty-two named hordes (Tindale, MS). Moriarty in Taplin (1879) worked with only a single clan of this tribe.
Co-ordinates139°35'E x 35°55'S
Area750 sq. m. (2,000 sq. km.)
ReferencesPenny, 1840 MS; 'Memorial,' 1840; Smith, 1880; Moriarty in Taplin, 1879; East, 1889; Brown, 1918; Tindale, 1937, 1938, 1940, 1946, 1956, 1963, 1966 and MS; Berndt and Berndt, 1951, 1965; Tindale in Condon, 1955; Tindale and Lindsay, 1963; Tindale and George, 1971.
Alternative NamesTangalun (valid alternative), Tanganikald (valid alternative pronunciation), Tenggi (Potaruwutj term, actually name of the Coorong itself), Tangane (valid short form), Tanganalun, Tanganarin, Tangani, Tananalun (misprint), T(h)unga, Thungah, Dangani, Tenkinyra, Milmenrura (a clan name only; often used in early days for the whole tribe, presumably owing to the notoriety associated with their murder of survivors of the shipwrecked Maria), Milmendura, Milmendjuri (valid versions of same horde name), Milmain-jericon (a further version of this horde name), Kalde (means language), Wattatonga (name applied by the Bunganditj, lit. 'men of the evening' because they live to the west).
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